API Reference

Presence

Methods

getGet

Get the current presence member set for this channel. In the REST client library this method directly queries Ably’s REST presence API

get(Object options, callback(ErrorInfo err, PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> resultPage))PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> get(Hash options)PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> get(kwargs_options)PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> get(Array options)PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> get(Param[] options)Task<PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage>> GetAsync(int? limit = null, string clientId = null, string connectionId = null);get(query: ARTPresenceQuery, callback: (ARTPresenceMessage, ARTErrorInfo?) → Void)(p *RestPresence) Get(options *PaginateParams) (*PaginatedResult, error)

Gets an array of members present on the channel as PresenceMessage objects.

Parameters

optionsqueryParam[] options
an optional object containing query parametersoptional keyword arguments containing the query parametersan optional set of symbol key and value pairs containing the query parametersan optional Associate Array containing the query parameters as specified below.
callback
is a function of the form: function(err, "PaginatedResult":#paginated-result<"PresenceMessage":#presence-message> resultPage)
callback
called with a PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage>, or with an error

options parametersARTPresenceQuery propertiesArguments

clientIdclient_id:client_id
when provided, will filter array of members returned that match the provided clientIdclient_idClientId string
connectionIdconnection_id:connection_id
when provided, will filter array of members returned that match the provided connectionIdConnectionIdconnection_id":/api/realtime-sdk/connection#id string

Callback result

On success, resultPage contains a PaginatedResult encapsulating an array of PresenceMessage objects corresponding to the current page of members currently present on the channel. PaginatedResult supports pagination using next() and first() methods.

On failure to retrieve the current presence member set, err contains an ErrorInfo object with the failure reason.

Returns

This method is asynchronous and needs to be awaited.

On success, the returned PaginatedResult encapsulates an array of PresenceMessage objects corresponding to the current page of members currently present on the channel. PaginatedResult supports pagination using nextNextAsync and firstFirstAsync methods.

Failure to retrieve the current presence member set will raise an AblyException

Returns

This method is asynchronous and needs to be awaited.

On success, resultPage contains a PaginatedResult encapsulating an array of PresenceMessage objects corresponding to the current page of members currently present on the channel. PaginatedResult supports pagination using next() and first() methods.

Failure to retrieve the current presence member, the error contains an ErrorInfo object with the failure reason.

History

history(Object options, callback(ErrorInfo err, PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> resultPage))PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> history(Hash options)PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> history(kwargs_options)PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> history(Array options)PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage> history(Param[] options)Task<PaginatedResult<PresenceMessage>> HistoryAsync(PaginatedRequestParams query);history(query: ARTDataQuery?, callback: (ARTPaginatedResult<ARTPresenceMessage>?, ARTErrorInfo?) → Void) throws(p *RestPresence) History(params *PaginateParams) (*PaginatedResult, error)

Gets a paginated set of historical presence message events for this channel. If the channel is configured to persist messages to disk, then the presence message event history will typically be available for 24 – 72 hours. If not, presence message events are only retained in memory by the Ably service for two minutes.

Parameters

optionsParam[] optionsqueryPaginatedRequestParams query
an optional object containing query parametersoptional keyword arguments containing the query parametersan optional set of key value pairs containing query parametersan optional Associate Array containing the query parameters, as specified in the presence history API documentation.
callback
is a function of the form: function(err, resultPage)
callback
called with a ARTPaginatedResult<ARTPresenceMessage> object or an error

Callback result

On success, resultPage contains a PaginatedResult encapsulating an array of PresenceMessage objects corresponding to the current page of results. PaginatedResult supports pagination using next() and first() methods.

On failure to retrieve message history, err contains an ErrorInfo object with the failure reason.

Returns

This method is asynchronous and needs to be awaited.

On success, the returned PaginatedResult encapsulates an array of PresenceMessage objects corresponding to the current page of results. PaginatedResult supports pagination using nextNextAsync and firstFirstAsync methods.

Failure to retrieve the message history will raise an AblyException

Returns

On success, resultPage contains a PaginatedResult encapsulating an array of PresenceMessage objects corresponding to the current page of results. PaginatedResult supports pagination using next() and first() methods.

Upon failure to retrieve the message history, the error contains an ErrorInfo object with the failure reason.

PresenceMessageARTPresenceMessageAbly::Models::PresenceMessageio.ably.lib.types.PresenceMessageIO.Ably.PresenceMessage

A PresenceMessage represents an individual presence update that is sent to or received from Ably.

PropertiesMembersAttributes

action
the event signified by a PresenceMessage. See PresenceMessage.action
Type: enum { ABSENT, PRESENT, ENTER, LEAVE, UPDATE }
Action
the event signified by a PresenceMessage. See PresenceMessage.action
Type: enum { Absent, Present, Enter, Leave, Update }
action
the event signified by a PresenceMessage. See Presence action
Type: int enum { ABSENT, PRESENT, ENTER, LEAVE, UPDATE }
action
the event signified by a PresenceMessage. See PresenceAction
Type: int enum { ABSENT, PRESENT, ENTER, LEAVE, UPDATE }
action
the event signified by a PresenceMessage. See PresenceMessage::ACTION
Type: enum { :absent, :present, :enter, :leave, :update }
action
the event signified by a PresenceMessage. See PresenceMessage::ACTION
Type: const PresenceMessage::ABSENT,PRESENT,ENTER,LEAVE,UPDATE
action
the event signified by a PresenceMessage. See PresenceMessage.action
Type: ARTPresenceAction
Action
the event signified by a PresenceMessage. See PresenceMessage::action
Type: const PresenceMessage::PresenceAbsent,PresencePresent,PresenceEnter,PresenceLeave,PresenceUpdate
dataData
The presence update payload, if provided
String, ByteArray, JSONObject, JSONArrayString, byte[], plain C# object that can be converted to JsonString, StringBuffer, JSON ObjectString, []byteString, Binary (ASCII-8BIT String), Hash, ArrayString, Bytearray, Dict, ListString, NSData, Dictionary, ArrayNSString *, NSData *, NSDictionary *, NSArray *String, Binary String, Associative Array, Array
extrasExtras
Metadata and/or ancillary payloads, if provided. The only currently valid payload for extras is the push object.
Type: JSONObject, JSONArrayplain C# object that can be converted to JsonString, []byteJSON ObjectHash, ArrayDict, ListDictionary, ArrayNSDictionary *, NSArray *Associative Array, Array
idId
Unique ID assigned by Ably to this presence update
Type: String
clientIdclient_idClientId
The client ID of the publisher of this presence update
Type: String
connectionIdconnection_idConnectionId
The connection ID of the publisher of this presence update
Type: String
timestampTimestamp
Timestamp when the presence update was received by Ably, as milliseconds since the epoch.
Type: IntegerLong IntegerDateTimeOffsetTimeNSDate
encodingEncoding
This will typically be empty as all presence updates received from Ably are automatically decoded client-side using this value. However, if the message encoding cannot be processed, this attribute will contain the remaining transformations not applied to the data payload
Type: String

PresenceMessage constructors

PresenceMessage.fromEncoded

PresenceMessage.fromEncoded(Object encodedPresMsg, ChannelOptions channelOptions?) → PresenceMessage

A static factory method to create a PresenceMessage from a deserialized PresenceMessage-like object encoded using Ably’s wire protocol.

Parameters

encodedPresMsg
a PresenceMessage-like deserialized object.
Type: Object
channelOptions
an optional ChannelOptions. If you have an encrypted channel, use this to allow the library can decrypt the data.
Type: Object

Returns

A PresenceMessage object

PresenceMessage.fromEncodedArray

PresenceMessage.fromEncodedArray(Object[] encodedPresMsgs, ChannelOptions channelOptions?) → PresenceMessage[]

A static factory method to create an array of PresenceMessages from an array of deserialized PresenceMessage-like object encoded using Ably’s wire protocol.

Parameters

encodedPresMsgs
an array of PresenceMessage-like deserialized objects.
Type: Array
channelOptions
an optional ChannelOptions. If you have an encrypted channel, use this to allow the library can decrypt the data.
Type: Object

Returns

An Array of PresenceMessage objects

Presence actionPresenceActionARTPresenceActionio.ably.lib.types.PresenceMessage.ActionAbly::Models::PresenceMessage::ACTIONIO.Ably.PresenceAction

Presence action is a String with a value matching any of the Realtime Presence states & events.

var PresenceActions = [
  'absent', // (reserved for internal use)
  'present',
  'enter',
  'leave',
  'update'
]

io.ably.lib.types.PresenceMessage.Action is an enum representing all the Realtime Presence states & events.

public enum Action {
  ABSENT,  // 0 (reserved for internal use)
  PRESENT, // 1
  ENTER,   // 2
  LEAVE,   // 3
  UPDATE   // 4
}

IO.Ably.PresenceAction is an enum representing all the Realtime Presence states & events.

public enum Action {
  Absent,  // 0 (reserved for internal use)
  Present, // 1
  Enter,   // 2
  Leave,   // 3
  Update   // 4
}

PresenceAction is an enum-like class representing all the Realtime Presence states & events.

class PresenceAction(object):
  ABSENT = 0    # (reserved for internal use)
  PRESENT = 1
  ENTER = 2
  LEAVE = 3
  UPDATE = 4

PresenceMessage Action is one of the class constants representing all the Realtime Presence states & events.

namespace Ably\Models;
class PresenceMessages {
  const ABSENT  = 0; /* (reserved for internal use) */
  const PRESENT = 1;
  const ENTER   = 2;
  const LEAVE   = 3;
  const UPDATE  = 4;
}

Example usage

if ($presenceMessage->action == Ably\Models\PresenceMesage::ENTER) {
  /* do something */
}

Ably::Models::PresenceMessage::ACTION is an enum-like value representing all the Realtime Presence states & events. ACTION can be represented interchangeably as either symbols or constants.

Symbol states

:absent  # => 0 (reserved for internal use)
:present # => 1
:enter   # => 2
:leave   # => 3
:update  # => 4

Constant states

PresenceMessage::ACTION.Absent  # => 0 (internal use)
PresenceMessage::ACTION.Present # => 1
PresenceMessage::ACTION.Enter   # => 2
PresenceMessage::ACTION.Leave   # => 3
PresenceMessage::ACTION.Update  # => 4

Example usage

# Example with symbols
presence.on(:attached) { ... }

# Example with constants
presence.on(Ably::Models::PresenceMessage::ACTION.Enter) { ... }

# Interchangeable
Ably::Models::PresenceMessage::ACTION.Enter == :enter # => true

ARTPresenceAction is an enum representing all the Realtime Presence states & events.

typedef NS_ENUM(NSUInteger, ARTPresenceAction) {
    ARTPresenceAbsent, // reserved for internal use
    ARTPresencePresent,
    ARTPresenceEnter,
    ARTPresenceLeave,
    ARTPresenceUpdate
};
enum ARTPresenceAction : UInt {
  case Absent // reserved for internal use
  case Present
  case Enter
  case Leave
  case Update
}

Presence action is a String with a value matching any of the Realtime Presence states & events.

const (
  PresenceAbsent = 0
  PresencePresent = 1
  PresenceEnter = 2
  PresenceLeave = 3
  PresenceUpdate = 4
)

PaginatedRequestParams

HistoryRequestParams is a type that encapsulates the parameters for a history queries. For example usage see Channel#historyChannel#History.

Members

Start
null The start of the queried interval
Type: DateTimeOffset
End
null The end of the queried interval
Type: DateTimeOffset
Limit
null By default it is null. Limits the number of items returned by history or stats
Type: Integer
Direction
Backwards Enum which is either Forwards or Backwards
Type: Direction enum
ExtraParameters
Optionally any extra query parameters that may be passed to the query. This is mainly used internally by the library to manage paging.
Type: Dictionary<string, string>

PaginatedResultARTPaginatedResultAbly::Models::PaginatedResultio.ably.lib.types.PaginatedResultIO.Ably.PaginatedResult

A PaginatedResult is a type that represents a page of results for all message and presence history, stats and REST presence requests. The response from a Ably REST API paginated query is accompanied by metadata that indicates the relative queries available to the PaginatedResult object.

PropertiesMembersAttributes

itemsItems
contains the current page of results (for example an Array of Message or PresenceMessage objects for a channel history request)
Type: Array <Message, Presence, Stats>Type: List <Message, Presence, Stats>

Methods

firstFirst

first(callback(ErrorInfo err, PaginatedResult resultPage))PaginatedResult firstPaginatedResult first()PaginatedResult first()Task<PaginatedResult> FirstAsync()PaginatedResult first()first(callback: (ARTPaginatedResult?, ARTErrorInfo?) → Void)First() (PaginatedResult, error)

Returns a new PaginatedResult for the first page of results. When using the Realtime library, the first method returns a Deferrable and yields a PaginatedResult.The method is asynchronous and returns a Task which needs to be awaited to get the PaginatedResult.

hasNextHasNexthas_next?has_next

Boolean hasNext()Boolean has_next?Boolean hasNext()Boolean has_next()Boolean HasNext()Boolean hasNext()Boolean hasNext()HasNext() (bool)

Returns true if there are more pages available by calling nextNext and returns false if this page is the last page available.

isLastIsLastlast?is_last

Boolean isLast()Boolean last?Boolean isLast()Boolean is_last()Boolean IsLast()Boolean isLast()Boolean isLast()IsLast() (bool)

Returns true if this page is the last page and returns false if there are more pages available by calling nextNext available.

nextNext

next(callback(ErrorInfo err, PaginatedResult resultPage))PaginatedResult nextPaginatedResult next()PaginatedResult next()Task<PaginatedResult> NextAsync()PaginatedResult next()next(callback: (ARTPaginatedResult?, ARTErrorInfo?) → Void)Next() (PaginatedResult, error)

Returns a new PaginatedResult loaded with the next page of results. If there are no further pages, then nulla blank PaginatedResult will be returnedNullNonenil is returned. The method is asynchronous and return a Task which needs to be awaited to get the PaginatedResultWhen using the Realtime library, the first method returns a Deferrable and yields a PaginatedResult.

Example

channel.history(function(err, paginatedResult) {
  console.log('Page 0 item 0:' + paginatedResult.items[0].data);
  paginatedResult.next(function(err, nextPage) {
    console.log('Page 1 item 1: ' + nextPage.items[1].data);
    console.log('Last page?: ' + nextPage.isLast());
  });
});
channel.history(function(err, paginatedResult) {
  console.log('Page 0 item 0:' + paginatedResult.items[0].data);
  paginatedResult.next(function(err, nextPage) {
    console.log('Page 1 item 1: ' + nextPage.items[1].data);
    console.log('Last page?: ' + nextPage.isLast());
  });
});
PaginatedResult firstPage = channel.history();
System.out.println("Page 0 item 0:" + firstPage.items[0].data);
if (firstPage.hasNext) {
  PaginatedResult nextPage = firstPage.next();
  System.out.println("Page 1 item 1:" + nextPage.items[1].data);
  System.out.println("More pages?:" + Strong.valueOf(nextPage.hasNext()));
};
PaginatedResult firstPage = channel.history();
System.out.println("Page 0 item 0:" + firstPage.items[0].data);
if (firstPage.hasNext) {
  PaginatedResult nextPage = firstPage.next();
  System.out.println("Page 1 item 1:" + nextPage.items[1].data);
  System.out.println("More pages?:" + Strong.valueOf(nextPage.hasNext()));
};
PaginatedResult<Message> firstPage = await channel.HistoryAsync(null);
Message firstMessage = firstPage.Items[0];
Console.WriteLine("Page 0 item 0: " + firstMessage.data);
if (firstPage.HasNext)
{
    var nextPage = await firstPage.NextAsync();
    Console.WriteLine("Page 1 item 1:" + nextPage.Items[1].data);
    Console.WriteLine("More pages?: " + nextPage.HasNext());
}
# When using the REST sync library
first_page = channel.history
puts "Page 0 item 0: #{first_page.items[0].data}"
if first_page.has_next?
  next_page = first_page.next
  puts "Page 1 item 1: #{next_page.items[1].data}"
  puts "Last page?: #{next_page.is_last?}"
end

# When using the Realtime EventMachine library
channel.history do |first_page|
  puts "Page 0 item 0: #{first_page.items[0].data}"
  if first_page.has_next?
    first_page.next do |next_page|
      puts "Page 1 item 1: #{next_page.items[1].data}"
      puts "Last page?: #{next_page.is_last?}"
    end
  end
end
result_page = channel.history()
print 'Page 0 item 0: ' + str(result_page.items[0].data)
if result_page.has_next():
  next_page = result_page.next()
  print 'Page 1 item 1: ' + str(next_page.items[1].data)
  print 'Last page?: ' + str(next_page.is_last())
$firstPage = $channel.history();
echo("Page 0 item 0: " . $firstPage->items[0]->data);
if ($firstPage->hasNext()) {
  $nextPage = $firstPage->next();
  echo("Page 1 item 1: " . $nextPage->items[1]->data);
  echo("Last page?: " . $nextPage->isLast());
}
[channel history:^(ARTPaginatedResult<ARTMessage *> *paginatedResult, ARTErrorInfo *error) {
    NSLog(@"Page 0 item 0: %@", paginatedResult.items[0].data);
    [paginatedResult next:^(ARTPaginatedResult<ARTMessage *> *nextPage, ARTErrorInfo *error) {
        NSLog(@"Page 1 item 1: %@", nextPage.items[1].data);
        NSLog(@"Last page?: %d", nextPage.isLast());
    }];
}];
channel.history { paginatedResult, error in
    let paginatedResult = paginatedResult!
    print("Page 0 item 0: \((paginatedResult.items[0] as! ARTMessage).data)")
    paginatedResult.next { nextPage, error in
        let nextPage = nextPage!
        print("Page 1 item 1: \((nextPage.items[1] as! ARTMessage).data)")
        print("Last page? \(nextPage.isLast())")
    }
}
page0, err := channel.History(nil)
fmt.Println("Page. 0 item 0: %s\n", page0.Messages[0].Data)
page1, err := page0.Next()
fmt.Println("Page. 1 item 1: %s\n", page1.Messages[1].Data)
fmt.Println("Last page? %s\n", page1.IsLast())

io.ably.lib.types.Param

Param is a type encapsulating a key/value pair. This type is used frequently in method parameters allowing key/value pairs to be used more flexible, see Channel#history for an example.

Please note that key and value attributes are always strings. If an Integer or other value type is expected, then you must coerce that type into a String.

Members

key
The key value
Type: String
value
The value associated with the key
Type: String

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